Thursday, January 14, 2016

Copenhagen - Koebenhavn Hauptbahnhof @ Central Station

Date: 15th October 2015

Kobenhavns Haubtbahnhof is the main railway station in Copenhagen and the largest railway station in Denmark. It is situated between the districts of Indre By and Vesterbro with entrances from Bernstorffsgade (at Tivoli Gardens), Banegardspladsen, Reventlowsgade and access to platforms from Tietgensgade. Copenhagen Central Station is the hub of the DSB railway network serving Denmark and international destinations. It offers InterCity and Express trains services across Denmark, as well as services to several international destinations, regular and frequent regional train services to and from Zealand and southern Sweden and commuter rail services on the S-train network.

The current station building is actually opened in 1911 and is the work of architect Heinrich Wenck. Heinrich Wenk was a Danish architect, known for a numerous railway stations that he designed in his capacity as chief architect for the Danish State Railways from 1894 to 1921. The station has 7 platforms and 13 tracks. On the station concourse there are many small shops, cafeterias, and fast food outlets. Passengers and everybody else may enjoy all facilities provided in this station.

The first railway station in Copenhagen was built in 1847, approximately at the present station location. It served Roskildebanen, and it was made of wood because it was built outside the fortifications where buildings with foundations were not allowed. This was soon necessary due to plans to extend the railway network in Denmark. A new larger station, designed by H. J. Herholdt, opened in 1864.

The second station also proved to be too small, especially when there was only one track leading out of the city. The State Railway then decided to build a new station, including a tunnel to Osterport station, and with tracks out of the city to the south. Again the same designed was produced by the Arrchitect, Heinrich Wenck and the present station was completed and opened on 1 December 1911. The tunnel (the Boulevard Line) was later opened in 1917.

The station was refurbished in 1980. Escalators and lifts were added to the platforms and the station concourse, which was originally split into arrival, departure, and freight sections. It was redone completely for passenger’s easy conveniences. The refurbishment took place again from 2004 to 2008, where the roof was replaced, platforms 3 to 6 were lowered and lengthened to international standards. The towers and the bridge over the platforms, upon which the main station building is placed, were reconditioned.

Copenhagen Central Station provides Copenhagen direct international trains that connect to Stockholm, Hamburg and Berlin several times a day. An intercity trains run half-hourly from Copenhagen during daytime and serve as a link between the major cities and towns in Denmark, including Odense, Aarhus, Aalborg, Esbjerg, Frederikshavn, Thisted and Sonderborg. Regional trains which stops at major stations within the greater Copenhagen area connects the main parts of Zealand to the capital. Veolia Transport trains on the Oresundtrain regional rail network depart to southern and western Sweden every 20 minutes. A special ticket fare system exists between the Copenhagen local traffic area and the most southern part of Sweden, Skåne county.

Besides, all S-train services except the F-line stop at the station. Kobenhavn H is not connected to the Copenhagen Metro network, but will soon, following the completion of the Metro's City Circle Line, which is at present under construction and expected for completion by 2018. In lieu of this new railway between Copenhagen and Ringsted the station needs more capacity. There is already congestion on the tracks. The Danish Ministry of Transport has started planning for an extension where proposals include a four-track terminal station on a bridge over the present tracks, or in a tunnel under them.

Notes to Wikipedia: Thank you for your articles. I'm sharing here for reference and my reading pleasure. Remaining photo in this entry were snapped at the platform during departing Kobenhaven Hauptbahnhof to Stockholm train station. I wish to state that I am really gratefully for being able to spend my last few minutes at the station, platform no. 5 on 15th October 2015.

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